21.6 million people in Pakistan do not have clean water.

78.9 million people in Pakistan do not have a decent toilet.

Over 19,000 children under the age of five die every year from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor water and sanitation in Pakistan.

Pakistan is one of the most populous countries in the world but millions of its people lack safe water or a basic toilet. Extreme flooding and an unstable political landscape are just some of the challenges faced.

The crisis

The geography of Pakistan varies greatly, ranging from arid deserts to remote mountainous regions. This makes accessing safe water extremely difficult for the poorest people. 21.6 million people in Pakistan don't have access to clean water.

Vast flood plains present a high risk of flooding across much of the country

Over half of the people in Pakistan will live in urban areas. This rapid migration is putting increased strain on already limited water and sanitation facilities.

Over 78.9 million people don't have access to decent toilets in Pakistan, almost half of the population. As a result, over 19,000 children under the age of five die every year from diarrhoeal diseases caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene.

Our approach

WaterAid works with our local partners in Pakistan to implement simple, fit-for-purpose technologies, such as rainwater harvesting. We support service providers and communities to make their facilities more resilient to flooding and other natural disasters, so that improvements in access to safe water and sanitation last.

We raise awareness among communities of the links between good hygiene practices like handwashing and health, and encourage people to build and use proper toilets. Our work in schools is an effective way of spreading these messages and changing the lives of future generations.

We coordinate our efforts with the national Government and local authorities to develop effective policies and action plans. We also engage the media to highlight the issues and campaign for people’s basic human rights to safe water and sanitation.

In Pakistan last year we reached:

  • 175,000 people with clean water
  • 274,000 people with improved sanitation.

Watch this short film to find out more:

A woman drinks from a glass of water.