400,000 people in Swaziland do not have clean water.

540,000 people in Swaziland do not have a decent toilet.

Over 200 children die every year from diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor water and sanitation in Swaziland.

Swaziland is a small country surrounded on three sides by South Africa and bordering Mozambique to the east. HIV/AIDS is widespread amongst the population, making the need for safe water, hygiene and basic toilets even greater.

The crisis

Swaziland is a very poor country with a population of around 1.3 million. 400,000 people don’t have access to clean water, and 540,000 have no decent toilets. Over 200 children die every year from preventable diarrhoeal diseases.

The country has the world's highest proportion of people living with HIV/AIDS – one in four adults. These people are more vulnerable to diarrhoeal diseases and need clean water for medication to be effective.

Almost half of the population does not have access to clean water and nearly half have nowhere to go to the toilet. These problems have a big impact on health and contribute to an average life expectancy of just 49.

Our approach

In Swaziland, WaterAid is working closely with local communities to introduce simple, low-cost technologies. This ensures the poorest people are able to install and maintain water points and toilets themselves.

We work with local partners to help decision-makers recognise the importance of water, hygiene and sanitation. We lobby the Government to ensure these essential services are prioritised and budgeted for.

Our research into the needs of people living with HIV/AIDS helps us reach those most in need. We share this information with other service providers to increase access to life-changing clean water and decent toilets.

In Swaziland last year we reached:

  • 9000 people with clean water
  • 3,000 people with improved sanitation.