Working towards an open defecation free India

Across India WaterAid is working on projects to reduce open defecation, providing sustainable toilet and sanitation facilities to the country’s poorest. And we’re influencing government to do the same.


11 Nov 2013

The launch of the NBA guidelines in Mohoba districtMahoba district

WaterAid has recently launched a new open defecation free (ODF) campaign in Mahoba district, in partnership with the district administration. The campaign aims to ensure that all 47 local governments (gram panchayats) in the district have access to toilets in order to achieve ODF status by March 2014.

Open defecation will be addressed by following the Nirmal Bharat Abhuyan (NBA) guidelines, which have been laid out by the Indian national Government.

Drawn up in 2012, the guidelines are used to continue the work of the national Total Sanitation Campaign and increase sanitation coverage in rural areas. They outline priority actions for improving access to water, sanitation and hygiene in rural India.

On 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Ghandi, the campaign was official launched. This included the release of a book on safe sanitation and the NBA guidelines, written by WaterAid and the District Magistrate, Anuj Kumar Jha.

Madhya Pradesh

An ODF campaign has also been launched in Morena, Madhya Pradesh, in another partnership between WaterAid and district administration.

The district’s NBA group, WaterAid, and our partner, Dharti, have begun a collaborative campaign to generate local demand for improved sanitation and start a people-led ODF movement.

With elected leaders, secretaries and sanitation volunteers present, 128 people from across 35 local governments took part in the launch of the programme. Attendees signed a banner pledging their commitment to stopping open defecation and encouraging others to do the same.

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