people in Nigeria don't have access to safe water.

Over 130 million people don't have access to adequate sanitation in Nigeria, two thirds of the population.

In Nigeria, around 45,000 children under five years old die every year from diarrhoea caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation.

Sanitation is not prioritised by the Nigerian government despite the huge health problems caused for the growing population.

In Nigeria, the need for clean water is well understood but the benefits of good sanitation are not yet widely recognised. There are gaps in the sanitation infrastructure, making access to simple facilities like toilets impossible for many people.

Except in the capital Abuja and some areas of Lagos, there are no sewer systems across communities. Instead, sanitation becomes the responsibility of individual households who cannot afford to make improvements.

We are working with local and national governments to set standards for water and sanitation systems, promoting good sanitation and hygiene to communities and schools to ensure lasting changes.

Find out more about how we tackle these issues in Our approach >

How it affects people

A woman giving her children water to drink

Gertrude Chiimbwe, Zambia

Gertrude Chiimbwe giving her son, Hakalima, 3, a drink of water. Namavwa ward, Zambia.

“We don’t have a toilet here, it subsided, so we go to the bush. I feel bad when I have to go there. I always worry that someone will pass and see you going to the toilet. I’m also worried that you might step on the faeces and bring diseases home.”

A woman holding her child in her arms

Patuma Mbande, Malawi

Patuma Mbande, with her daughter Acklatu, outside her latrine. Mwenyekondo, Lilongwe, Malawi.

"Sometimes in my toilet people have deposited faeces on the floor and not in the hole. This happens especially at night. I feel if I had a better toilet it would make life better, we would be healthier. I would be able to sweep and mop it properly. If it had a roof then the flies wouldn't be able to go in and out and land on our food."

A woman outsite a public latrine

Raju Begum, Bangladesh

Raju Begum, standing by an unhygienic makeshift latrine. Motijharna slum, Chittagong City, Bangladesh.

"Using this latrine is terrible – it’s a bad experience every time. There’s a really bad smell and everyone has caught diseases from it. It’s affected my family. When the new latrines come the old one will be destroyed. It will reduce diseases and hygiene will be good. Security will also be better. I will feel safer because there won’t be men walking past, like there are now. We want the new latrines everywhere.”