In Jigawa, constant water supplies are considered a luxury and the shortage of piped water is a long-standing problem. Outbreaks of water-borne diseases are very common.
Fewer than 50% of people have access to safe water and sanitation and the number of those without water is increasing. The population has grown rapidly, yet facilities have not been improved.
Water supplies from government sources are mostly unreliable so most houses use poor quality water from unsafe sources. Diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid are just some of the diseases affecting people here.
In the dry seasons people rely on pre-packaged water sachets and water vendors for domestic water, topping up with unsafe water from streams.
Clean water and safe toilets are so lacking that many diseases are able to spread easily. Water is often difficult to access from underground so many people walk long distances to fetch unsafe water.
Clean drinking water is a luxury in Benue. Most people rely on expensive water vendors for dangerous, contaminated streams and wells.