Nepal’s extreme landscape presents a range of challenges: remote sources, contamination and dwindling supplies in urban areas.

Many urban areas are supported by a clean water supply but water tables are dropping rapidly. Traditional sources are drying up while the population continues to increase as people migrate to escape conflict or find work.

In mountainous areas the routes to water sources are often long and difficult. Communities must carry heavy loads across steep paths and ravines commonly resulting in serious injuries.  

We use systems like rainwater harvesting to help combat the falling water levels. In hilly areas we use technologies to bring water directly from the source to people’s homes, helping them to avoid long and treacherous journeys. 

Find out more about how we tackle these issues in Our approach >

How it affects people

A man and his wife sitting outside their house

Everest Ngirukwayo, Rwanda

Everest Ngirukwayo, 48, sitting outside his house with his son Innocent Twagira, 15, who is recovering from nearly drowning in the lake while collecting water. Nyiramahirwe village, Bugesera, Rwanda.

“My son fell in the lake collecting water. Another child passed him a jerry can but it floated away. He went after it but my son cannot swim so he got taken by the lake. All we require is access to water near to our house.”

A woman holding her child

Milimo Mwiinga, Zambia

Milimo Mwiinga, 25, who is pregnant, with her son Gifty, who nearly died of diarrohea. Kayola village, Namavwa ward, Zambia.

“I am very afraid when I have the new baby that the same thing will happen as it happened to Gifty. I think and worry but there is nothing I can do.”

A woman holding her child

Shilpi Mondal, Bangladesh

Shilpi Mondal with her daughter in their home. Moshashoripur village, Koyra, Bangladesh.

“We collect water from 20-30km away, usually about once every ten days. We share a boat with our neighbours as we can’t afford our own. This water gives us diarrhoea – we know it does – but what else can we do – we have no choice. When I give the water to my daughter I know it will make her ill. It makes me very sad.”