Our approachTo improve people’s water security, we use a combination of different approaches: Helping people demand their right to safe water from governments Supporting service providers to meet the demand Bringing safe, reliable water supplies closer to people’s homes Supporting local governments and service providers to assist communities with the ongoing management, financing and technical aspects of keeping services running Working with national governments to strengthen processes and revenue streams Training users how to protect water from contamination Promoting technologies that can be operated, managed and financed by communities, with assistance from local government and service providers Promoting infrastructure and services that accommodate people’s different water needs – a ‘multiple use services' (MUS) approach Encouraging community investment in water supply services (‘self-supply’) Promoting the monitoring of water resources, to inform early warning systems for drought response and management, as well as equitable water use Strengthening the ability of communities and local governments to manage threats to their water supplies It is not enough to simply deliver services and train users how to operate them. Institutions must be in place to help people keep their services running over time and adapt to changes in the water resources available to them. This requires expertise in service delivery and water resource management (WRM). WaterAid is increasingly combining the delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services with improved water resource management. Our integrated WASH/WRM approach provides a structure for identifying and monitoring water-related threats, carrying out risk-based planning, and acting to mitigate these threats. The outcome is reduced risk and increased water security. Our aim is to reduce the level of water-related risk that people face. This is achieved by strengthening the links between national government, local government and communities, complementing national strategies for water supply service delivery and water resource management. Securing water resources in West Africa One example of our approach to water security is an innovative method known as ‘securing water resources’ (SWR), which we’ve been implementing across our country programmes in West Africa. This approach: Integrates WASH service delivery with the principles of Water Resource Management (WRM) Acts as an early warning system, alerting communities to emerging threats Provides a structure for community-level risk-based planning Informs the design of services to better meet multiple water needs Supports better coordination and fairer allocation of water between users Helps communities call on governments for assistance when their access to water is threatened Strengthens government support to communities.