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21 million people in Bangladesh lack access to an improved water source.

39% don't have access to improved sanitation in Bangladesh, over 63 million people.

Over 8,000 children under five years old die annually from poor water and sanitation in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh is one of the world’s most densely populated countries. 150 million people are crowded onto low-lying land where annual monsoon floods contaminate water sources and leave millions with appalling sanitary conditions.

The crisis

Bangladesh's geography provides many challenges. Natural arsenic contaminates water, putting 30 million people at risk. The lowland areas are also susceptible to flooding from seasonal monsoons and cyclones, further damaging the land.

In increasingly populated urban areas, slums are home to millions of people who are denied legal water and sanitation supplies, forcing them to live in appalling conditions.

Our approach

WaterAid's urban programs help desperately poor communities living in the slums of major cities to gain access to communal water points and sanitation blocks. The water points are run on a cost-recovery basis where users pay a small fee to the community management committee to use the facilities. The money collected covers the initial set-up cost, water bills, attendants' wages and maintenance.

In areas of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the one hilly area of predominantly low-lying Bangladesh, WaterAid and local partners have helped villagers to construct gravity flow water schemes. These tap water at sources in the hills and pipe it to villages below. This has drastically reduced time spent collecting water and cut the rate of water-related diseases in the districts covered.

In low-lying areas of the country prone to monsoon flooding, WaterAid is helping communities to construct water and sanitation facilities that are more resilient to disasters and the impacts of climate change.

WaterAid and local partners initiated the Community-led Total Sanitation approach in Bangladesh, which focusses on developing understanding in communities of the links between unsafe sanitation and disease and motivating the whole community to take action. Communities build their own latrines using low-cost, local materials and agree to completely eliminate the practice of open defecation. This approach is now being used by many other WaterAid country programmes.

We also helped the government to develop the National Sanitation Strategy, which aims to bring universal sanitation facilities to Bangladesh by 2015.

Together with our partners, we made an agreement with the Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority to recognise people living in slums as legitimate users of public water facilities.

In Bangladesh last year we reached:

  • 331,000 people with safe water
  • 620,000 people with improved sanitation.

More about WaterAid Bangladesh

The organisation: NGO operating under approval of the NGO Affairs Bureau, Bangladesh

WaterAid total staff number: 65

Management team: Six member team consisting four directors, one head of the units and the Country Representative

How do we operate: The Senior management team decides country operations procedures, under guidance of the Head of the Region the CR approves all operational procedures

How do we work: We are not a direct implementing agency; we work with partner organisations

What are the operating manuals: We have HR, finance, IT, vehicle use manuals and partner financial guidelines

Financial year and Financial statements: We follow April to March as financial year and conduct annual audit by external auditors and submit copy of the report to NGOAB every year

Head office: Dhaka

Designated Information Officer (Head Office): Reshma Khan Zaman, Director Finance and Administration, Please call at: 8815757 or write to

Branch offices:

WaterAid Zonal Office, Barisal
Shahid Altaf Memorial Girls School Road,
South Alekanda, Banglabazar, Barisal Sadar,
Barisal 8200
Contact person: Prasun Kanti Talukdar, Zonal Coordinator, Email:

WaterAid Zonal Office, Rangpur
House 84, Road 02, Islambug
R.K. Road, Rangpur
Contact person: Mr. Rezaul Huda Milon, Zonal Coordinator, Email: