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15 million people don't have access to adequate sanitation in Nepal.

people in Nepal don't have access to safe water.

1,500 children in Nepal die each year from diarrhoea caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation.

Nepal is a landlocked country with a challenging landscape. Many people must make long, dangerous journeys to reach water sources and just 37% of the population has somewhere safe to go to the toilet.

The crisis

In the rural lowlands and the mountains, the distance to water sources is great and water supplies are often polluted with naturally occurring arsenic. Open defecation also spreads diseases across living environments.

In urban areas, the water supply cannot keep up with growing demand – natural sources are drying up and water levels are becoming dangerously low.

A decade of internal conflict has left 100,000 people homeless, often making the political situation difficult.

Our approach

We use systems like rainwater harvesting to help combat falling water levels. In hilly areas we use technologies such as gravity-flow systems to bring water directly from the source to people’s homes, helping them to avoid long and treacherous journeys.

We work with local partners who understand local issues, providing them with the skills and support they need to help communities set up practical and sustainable projects. Technologies are used that fit the local context and people are trained to maintain them.

Effective hygiene behaviours ensure that the health benefits of water and sanitation services are maximised and long-lasting. We also support schools programmes to help share information about hand-washing and menstrual hygiene practices to children and teachers. Role play, puppets, songs and home visits are used as a way to raise awareness.

In Nepal last year we reached:

  • 81,000 people with safe water
  • 105,000 people with improved sanitation.