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TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR WASH FEASIBILITY STUDY

Introduction

CARE, in partnership with Emmanuel International, IFPRI, NASFAM, Save the Children, and Water Aid, is leading the implementation of a five-year $75 Million USAID Titukulane Development Food and nutrition security Activity Project funded by Food for Peace. USAID Titukulane will impact 723,111 individuals in the hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households in 20 Traditional Authorities in Mangochi and Zomba districts. There are a number of underlying causes of food and nutrition insecurity in the hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households in Mangochi and Zomba. To overcome such insecurities in the two districts the hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households require to be able to increase equitable incomes, improve nutrition and health status, to access health services and to adapt and absorb shocks and stresses such as erratic rainfall, dry spells and floods.

The goal of Titukulane is to achieve equitable, sustainable and resilient food and nutrition security for hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households and communities in the target districts. CARE and consortium partners designed Titukulane to reduce the number of chronically food insecure households by enhancing the capacities of local and national governance structures to implement resilience-focused policies, so that the number of chronically food insecure households continues to decline. To achieve the goal, Titukulane will implement activities under three purposes focused on increasing incomes from farm production and off-farm livelihoods activities (Purpose 1), improving the nutritional status of children under five years of age, adolescent girls and women of reproductive age (Purpose 2), and building institutional and local capacities to reduce risk and increase resilience among hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households (Purpose 3). Three clusters of households namely, hanging in, stepping in, and stepping out households will be targeted to various interventions. Integrated throughout the Titukulane design are three domains that CARE sees as fundamental to elimination of poverty and inequality namely: following the principle of good governance; ensuring increased household, community, and systems resilience capacities; and enhancing gender equality, women’s empowerment and youth opportunities and their participation in project interventions at the household, community and systems levels.

Key result areas of the project

The project aims at achieving the following results based on its three outcomes;

  1. Increased incomes from farm production and off-farm livelihoods activities 
  2. Improved nutritional status of children under five years of age, adolescent girls and women of reproductive age 
  3. Well-built institutional and local capacities to reduce risk and increase resilience among hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households.

In order to ensure optimal benefits from nutrition specific interventions (aimed at improving the nutritional status of children under five years of age, adolescent girls and women of reproductive age), Titukulane’s Theory of Change (ToC) aims at increasing the proportion of households with sustainable and improved basic drinking water supply and with improved sanitation and hygiene practices. This intervention involves investments in improvements in water services provision, rehabilitation and asset management systems, increasing household demand for and choice of sanitation and hygiene technologies and strengthening service provision and accountability systems.

Therefore, the WASH Feasibility Study seeks to unpack the technological, governance, and asset management capacities for water supply in Zomba and Mangochi districts including the impact of the management capacities on access to services and time poverty for the hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households. The study will unpack the barriers and enablers on willingness to pay for water, issues affecting functionality of water supply operations in the target area, effectiveness of water supply technologies, and involvement of women and youths in water point maintenance and water supply entrepreneurship. The WASH Feasibility Study will be guided by and will build on the study design document. The main evidence and knowledge gap (EKG) identified during the refinement workshop is the lack of understanding of the Technological, governance and asset management capacities for water supply. Along with this evidence gap and the proposed intervention that need to be validated this WASH feasibility study will address the following objectives.

Study Objectives

    1. Main Objective

The main objective of the research is to understand the main factors affecting availability, accessibility and functionality of water supply technologies and services in the target areas of Zomba and Mangochi districts.

    1. Specific objectives

The following are the specific research objectives:

  1. To assess the general rehabilitation needs of non-functional and partially functional boreholes and determine the feasibility of the rehabilitation.
  2. To understand the context specific environmental, technological, socio-cultural, economic and governance factors affecting water points functionality, access and water quality and how these impact on women, adolescent girls and the youth.
  3. To assess the technological, governance and asset management capacities for water supply
  4. To assess the availability, functionality and reliability of supply chains for water supply technologies and the level of economic involvement for women and the youth in the supply chains.
  5. To explore context specific socio-cultural barriers that prevent women and the youth from pursuing and benefiting economically from water supply infrastructure investment and explore contextually appropriate solutions for advancing inclusion of women and youth to expand livelihood opportunities for the hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households
  6. To assess water quality status of the non-functional and partially functional boreholes and align with the projects Water Quality Assurance Plan (WQAP) 
  7. To assess technological skills and capacities available for waterpoints operations and maintenance

 

Note: It should be noted that once the successful consultant(s) has been identified, they will prepare an inception report for carrying out this study based on these TORs which summarizes additional information they will receive from the Evidence Knowledge Gaps (EKGs) sheet, initial inception protocol for the study and initial draft tools which the consultant will review in line with the expectations of the project in consultation with the client.

Deliverables

  1. A draft report covering all key research areas
  2. A final detailed report with clear sections responding to the following key areas
    1. Rehabilitation needs of all non-functional and partially functional boreholes (disaggregated by district and Traditional Authority) including details on feasibility of rehabilitations and recommendations for implementation
    2. The context specific environmental, governance, socio-cultural and economic factors affecting water points functionality, access and water quality and how these impact on women, adolescent girls and the youth.
    3. A clear and detailed analysis on the availability, functionality and reliability of supply chains for water supply technologies and the level of economic involvement for women and the youth in the supply chains.
    4. A detailed analysis of the context specific socio-cultural barriers that prevent women and the youth from pursuing and benefiting economically from water supply infrastructure investment and explore contextually appropriate solutions for advancing inclusion of women and youth to expand livelihood opportunities for the hanging in, stepping in and stepping out households.
    5. Recommendations for improvements
  3. Presentation of the final report to stakeholders
  4. Electronic copy of all quantitative and qualitative data sets collected as part of this study

Proposed work schedule

This assignment is estimated not to take more than 42 working days

Outputs

Duration

Inception

4

  • Development of Inception Report Review, refinement and finalization of the IR and research tools and submission of refined Inception Report and tools

4 days

  • Development of the final field schedule and submission of final IR

1

Field preparation 

10

  • Recruitment and training of research assistants

5

  • Pretesting and review of data collection tools

3

Data collection in the field

13

Data entry and analysis

6

Reporting

9

Debriefing and presentation of study report with findings and recommendations to CARE, Consortium members, District Councils and USAID-BHA   

2 days

 

  1. Dissemination of study findings

 

Findings and recommendations of the WASH Feasibility Study will be presented to consortium partners in the Titukulane Project, USAID-BHA, and Care. The findings will also be shared with Zomba and Mangochi District Councils including national level stakeholders and players in the WASH sector. The consultant will prepare and present study findings, recommendations and final report through workshops which will be organized by Care and consortium partners in the project.

8.0 Reporting requirements

The researcher will be under guidance of and will report to the Programme - Manager WASH or any delegated authority, for the successful implementation of the consultancy. However, for carrying out day-to-day operational activities, the consultant shall interact with the Hygiene Specialist. All reports and documents will be in English and all quantities expressed in metric unit where applicable

9.0 Team Composition / Team Lead Competencies

 

The desired consultant/firm should comprise of a lead team of 2 to 3 people with diversified skills in water supply/resource management and social science with demonstrated experience in carrying out complex research studies. Should have a comprehensive knowledge of water governance within the Malawi context is highly desirable. The lead team shall ensure that the research team is gender balanced and youth considerate. The Consultant Team or firm will have the following set of required qualifications:

 

  • Advanced university degree in social sciences or any relevant field with a proven record of carrying out similar kind of work. At least one team member with University degree in civil engineering with focus on water supply
  • Comprehensive knowledge of water governance in Malawi at national, district and community levels.
  • At least 7 to 10 years’ professional experience conducting assessments in themes related to the project, including borehole forensics, social and gender analysis and WASH supply chains in Malawi
  • Knowledge of the WASH context in Malawi and the main approached for WASH promotion
  • Understanding of gender dynamics in relation to WASH
  • Excellent communication skills in English and Chichewa/ Yao within the team.
  • Proven experience with M&E methods and approaches (including quantitative, qualitative and participatory), information analysis and report writing.
  • Good interpersonal and teamwork skills, networking aptitude (the consultant will contact various actors and stakeholders of the project).

10.  Evaluation Criteria

Proposals will be evaluated using the following criteria; cost, clarity of methodology, profile of team members, understanding of the task, demonstrable understanding and availability of tools and equipment required to effectively carry out the study

11. Application

Interested consultant (s) should send an electronic Expression of Interest by 27th September 2020 to [email protected] with subject line “Titukulane WASH Feasibility Study” outlining exact availability in line with the approximate timeline.  The expression of interest should contain: (a) a technical offer and (b) a financial offer, comprising:

  1. Technical offer:
  • Technical proposal detailing proposed methodology (max 3 pages).
  • At least three traceable references
  • An example of a report from similar work which demonstrates evidence of the skills and experience required.
  •  Up to date CV of the consultant (s) 
  1. Financial offer:
  • Details of charges and expenses in line with proposed methodology.