Pakistan has the world’s sixth biggest population and is rapidly urbanising.  By 2030, half of its population will live in cities whose water and sanitation systems are already over-stretched.

We are working in Pakistan’s complex and diverse urban environment through projects that bring safe water and improved sanitation and promote hygiene behaviour for a lasting change. 

Urban Programme aims to focus on three themes to implement the 2016-2021 Country Programme Strategy. 

1. Sustainable WASH services for the poor and marginalised in informal urban settlements and small to medium size cities to emerge as replicable models for adaption at scale. 

2. Support collaborative and integrated mechanisms for effectively strengthening institutional governance for service delivery.

3. Support all collaborative mechanisms in strengthening an enabling environment that would lead to a transformational change in urban WASH services.

In the Urban Programme, we are building on the existing initiatives and also working on new initiatives as part of the urban WASH models. The programme aims to create a collaborative environment between local partners, stakeholders and the state on engaging citizens. This initiative involves engagement of citizens of urban informal settlements in inclusive and accountable planning, budgeting and implementation of urban WASH services. 

In order to deliver on the strategic objectives of the programme, we are working on the following project approaches:

City-wide approach

Research suggests that the health benefits of improved sanitation typically require 70 or 80% coverage. This means we support not just toilet construction, but also the development of city-level systems for covered drains and wastewater treatment. It also means we put a lot of effort into supporting city-level and national policy development, including regulatory systems and financing models.

We have taken two cities in two different provinces of Pakistan, Jatoi in District Muzaffargarh, Punjab and Thatta in Sindh, for the demonstration of improved WASH services through City-wide approach. 

Working with utilities

We work with urban utilities and service providers to expand public services and to work on entire sanitation chain by carrying out a systematic scoping for the Fecal Sludge Management for small to medium towns of Pakistan.  WaterAid works with urban utilities through the Pakistan Water Operators Network in order to include the residents of urban informal settlements in their consumer-based network on affordable tariff rates. 

Across the board, we work with communities, local government institutions and service providers to build their technical and administrative capacity, and ensure WASH rights of the urban poor.

Some Urban WASH facts for your read

Urban wash info