Nepal floods: Water, sanitation and hygiene urgently needed to prevent public health crisis, WaterAid warns

25 August 2017
Nepal, Disasters, Health, Gender
Image: WaterAid/Mani Karmacharya

The recent floods in Nepal, which have killed at least 123 people and affected approximately 11.5 million, risk turning into a public health crisis unless urgent steps are taken to provide those affected with water, sanitation and hygiene, WaterAid said on Thursday.

The warning comes after days of relentless rains sparked flash floods and landslides that have affected 27 low-lying districts neighbouring India.

The significant damage to water sources and sanitation infrastructure, coupled with power cuts, the washing away of the main east-west highway road network and the closure of local health centres, brings with it the potential for a significant public health crisis.

Currently 8% of Nepal’s population are without access to clean water and 54% don’t have decent toilets. Without proper sanitation, heavy rains wash faeces into the water supply, allowing waterborne diseases including cholera to spread quickly. Residents cut off from water supplies are also forced to collect dirty water from overflowing rivers, making the transmission of disease much easier.

Tripti Rai, WaterAid Nepal’s Country Director, said:

“In order to stop this situation from getting any worse, the government must ensure affected communities are provided with emergency kits, which include water purification tablets and soap. In addition, temporary toilets must be erected to reduce the spread of disease, communities must be educated on the importance of handwashing and food safety and oral rehydration salts and zinc tablets should be provided for the treatment of diarrhoea.”

“WaterAid Nepal are working alongside affected communities in the Siraha, Bardiya and Kailali districts in the southern belt of Nepal, as are five of our local partners.”

“The Department of Health, and the District Water Supply and Sanitation Office have requested our assistance handling the emergency and we have dispatched 90,000 water purification chlorine tablets across Siraha, Bardiya and Nawalparasi. We will of course continue to provide any support that the Government requests during this difficult time”.


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Jo Lehmann, Acting News Manager on [email protected] or +44 (0)207 793 4909 or Suzy Vickers, PR manager, [email protected]

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Notes to Editors:


WaterAid’s vision is of a world where everyone has access to clean water and sanitation. The international organisation works in 37 countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Pacific Region to transform lives by improving access to clean water, hygiene and sanitation in some of the world’s poorest communities. Since 1981, WaterAid has reached 25 million people with clean water and, since 2004, 24 million people with sanitation. For more information, visit, follow @WaterAidUK on Twitter, or visit us on Facebook at

  • Some 289,000 children die each year from diarrhoeal diseases caused by dirty water and poor sanitation. That’s almost 800 children each day, or one child every two minutes.
  • An estimated 844 million people (around one in ten) are without clean water
  • Nearly 2.3 billion people (around one in three) live without a decent toilet
  • For every £1 invested in water and sanitation, an average of £4 is returned in increased productivity.
  • Just £15 can help provide one person with access to clean water.
  • For details on how individual countries are keeping their promises on water and sanitation, please see our online database,