The sanitation problem: a glance at community-led solutions

WaterAid/ Esther Ruth Mbabazi

A snapshot on Uganda’s sanitation

The World Health Organization (WHO) stipulates that improved sanitation facilities should hygienically separate human excreta from human contact. 

According to the Ministry of Water and Enviroment’s Sector Performance Report 2020, Uganda has made progress with access to improved sanitation in rural and urban areas at 78% and 89.1% respectively. However, the use of safely managed sanitation which hygienically separates human excreta from human contact is still very low with rural and urban areas at 7.1% and 39.2% respectively. 
Furthermore, 8 in 10 people don’t have a decent toilet, making it significantly difficult to maintain good hygiene. Without decent toilets, many people are forced to practice open defecation which is undignified, unsafe and pollutes nearby water sources. 
Amidst it all, a few communities are pulling together to change the situation.